Mechanism

Creativity with ROI Advertising? Email info@mechanism.com for more information

Epilepsy Treatment Uses Superconductors

Epilepsy is a neurological problem of the brain causing unprovoked seizures. Although epilepsy is first observed during childhood, epilepsy affects people of all ages. The most common cause for epilepsy is either a head injury or an erratic cognitional development.

According to Merriam-Webster dictionary, Epilepsy is defined as

"any of various disorders marked by abnormal electrical discharges in the brain and typically manifested by sudden brief episodes of altered or diminished consciousness, involuntary movements, or convulsion"

Some researchers have found out that during an epileptic attack, a portion of the brain malfunctions and sends violent meaningless signals. In today's scenario, a permanent solution to cure the disorder is to remove that part. But the brain is not just a composite of isolated components. It is difficult to pinpoint the damaged portion precisely and all parts of the brain are interlinked and rely on each other for the normal functioning of the body. Any damage to the neighbouring parts of the damaged portion caused during the surgery might bring an unexpected physical or mental impairment.

The brain communicates within itself and to other parts of the body through electrical pulses. These electrical pulses are the reason for the presence of a weak magnetic field inside the human body.  The damaged portion can be located by detecting the magnetic field produced during the attack. These subtle magnetic fields are too small to detect by conventional methods. Superconducting magnetic sensors called SQUIDs can detect subtle magnetic field of the order of picotesla. Knowing the exact position of the damaged portion and also other parts of the brain responsible for primary functions such as those responsible for speech, motor activities, cognition etc. may help in avoiding major surgical errors.

For more information on Epilepsy, click here.

References

1. MagnetoEncephaloGraphy

2. Applied Physics Textbook

* Image Courtesy Exercise Plays Vital Role Maintaining Brain Health by A Health Blog licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0

tyogav

tyogav

Top Posts | Biomedical

3D Printing Can Build New Human Bones

It seems as if 3D printing really is one of the wonders of our time, especially taking into account the miracles it can work in the medical field. One of the latest applications of this technology is for regrowing damaged bones. This technique involves the 3D printing of a tissue using li ... ...

Spirosense Ready to Fight Respiratory Illness

A group of undergraduate students at the Johns Hopkins Department of Biomedical Engineering has fabricated a magical device to help people suffering from respiratory illnesses. The new device has been named SpiroSense.SpiroSense is a low-priced spirometer designed to monitor an individual’s b ... ...

Tech Innovations Make Heart Valve Replacements Simpler

Although our hearts naturally weaken as we age, there are numerous health disorders and ailments which can lend themselves to an under-performing heart. Numerous too are the many medical treatments and procedures which people can choose to undergo in order to boost their heart performance. However, ...

A Revolutionary New Medical Research Device: The Biochip

A miraculous new medical invention, which replicates human organs on microchips, has just won a major design award. Dubbed “Organs-on-a-chip”, they look just like small, clear blocks of plastic, around the size of a USB, but these amazing devices could well see the end of animal testing ... ...

An Artificial Leg That "Feels"

Let's take a look at Austria this week, where amazing advances in prosthesis technology are currently underway. The country's Linz University has recently succeeded at creating the world's first ever “feeling” artificial leg, capable of replicating a number of sensation ... ...

The Impact of New Technology on Personal Fitness

Most of us are concerned with staying as fit and healthy as we can, and losing weight and keeping it off is often an ongoing, lifelong battle for some. The good news these days is that we no longer need to fight the battle of the bulge with all the old-school methods: we now also have quite an arra ...

L'Oreal: Is 3D Printing Skin Cells Worth it?

Beauty product giant L’Oreal already grows millions of samples of human skin every year in its laboratories in Lyon, France.  However, such is the demand for their products and the consequent requirement for testing, the company needs more samples for its many research and development pr ... ...