Better Infrastructure Promotes Better Safety
Roads are things we all use every day and yet, we take for granted most of the times. We sometimes forget that roads need to be maintained, upgraded and monitored or they become a danger to the people using them. Road infrastructure is a crucial element for road safety. It requires detailed planning and design, as well as high levels of activity and discipline. So, what are the key elements in road safety?
These are series of parallel lines, painted on the road, perpendicular to the upcoming flow of the traffic. They are meant to warn a driver to an upcoming roundabout or a junction.
It's a small, but visible platform on a section of a footpath, used by buses. It's meant for the buses to park freely along the curb, allowing passengers to board the bus more safely.
Another one meant for buses. This solution acts as a section of the road, meant only for buses and for occasional bicycles or taxis. It acts as a road closure for other vehicles.
You've probably seen these, they are built in the middle of the road between two lanes. Sometimes they come with facilities for pedestrians, but their main purpose is to regulate lane discipline by restricting overtaking. If they have facilities for pedestrians, they improve safety by slitting the crossing distance into two.
Often abbreviated as VMS, CMS and even DMS, these are electronic traffic signs meant to give drivers specific information. They display information such as speed limit, accidents, roadwork, weather conditions, traffic congestion and so on. They can be very useful, as they can even guide drivers to available parking spaces, reducing overall traffic.
A type of a circular intersection, where the road traffic flows continuously in circular motion, around a central island. This type is used on longer roads, to break it up into smaller portions.
Also called speed bumps, these are small pieces of raised road portion, meant to reduce vehicle speed. Road humps are used mostly in school areas to ensure the drivers take extra care around small children, as they may run across the road while playing.
Similar to road humps, these only take a portion of the road, allowing larger vehicles such as buses to pass freely. Since road humps are not appropriate for bus routes, this option is used where some kind of bump is needed, but also needs to be bus-friendly.
Used to discourage cut-through driving. They usually result in higher traffic flow, as there are no oncoming cars going towards the driver.
Safety must be the primary concern when it comes to roads, and as shown in these examples, it's easily achievable. Still, the largest portion is up us, drivers, cyclists and pedestrians to watch out and be careful.